The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) has prepared human resources guidance for agencies and employees on shutdown furloughs (also called emergency furloughs).
A shutdown furlough occurs when there is a lapse in annual appropriations.
Shutdown furloughs can occur at the beginning of a fiscal year, if no funds have been appropriated for that year, or upon expiration of a continuing resolution, if a new continuing resolution or appropriations law is not passed.
The Government Employee Fair Treatment Act, singed into law by former President Trump, ensures federal employees that they will get retroactive pay once a shutdown ends due to a lapse in appropriations. Specifically the law requires “the compensation of government employees for wages lost, work performed, or leave used during a lapse in appropriations that begins on or after December 22, 2018, and entitles excepted employees to use leave during a lapse in appropriations.”
Based on this law, OPM’s “Guidance to Shutdown Furloughs” booklet provides important information for both federal employees and retirees in the following topics:
– Federal employee pay
– Leave and other time
– Payments when separating service